The pound in your pocket could become digital as the Bank of England starts a consultation on the future of currency.
Together with the Treasury, the Bank has launched research into what a central bank digital currency (CBDC) would look like and will be looking for views from the public.
Chancellor of the Exchequer Jeremy Hunt said: “While cash is here to stay, a digital pound issued and backed by the Bank of England could be a new way to pay that’s trusted, accessible and easy to use.
“That’s why we want to investigate what is possible first, whilst always making sure we protect financial stability.”
The consultation is being launched because both the Treasury and the Bank want to ensure the public have access to safe money that is convenient to use as our everyday lives become more digital, while supporting private sector innovation, choice and efficiency in digital payments.
What would a digital pound look like?
- It would replicate the role of cash in a digital world, so that it is risk-free, highly trusted and accessible.
- £10 of a digital pound would always be worth the same as £10 of cash.
- Issued by the Bank of England, widely available and convenient to use.
- Subject to rigorous standards of privacy and data protection – neither Government nor the Bank would have access to personal data and holders would have the same level of privacy as a bank account.
- Accessed through digital wallets offered to consumers by the private sector through smartphones or smartcards.
- Intended for payments, online, in-store, and to friends and family, rather than savings, with no interest paid on holdings.
- Initial restrictions on how much an individual or businesses could hold.
Countries around the world are considering similar proposals including the Eurozone and the US and China.
Unlike cryptoassets and stablecoins, the digital pound would be issued by the Bank of England and not the private sector. We are separately already legislating to protect Access to Cash.
This means that it will have intrinsic value and not be volatile, unlike unbacked cryptoassets as there would be a central authority to back it.
The needs of vulnerable people are being considered in the digital pound design process ensuring that it would be simple and straightforward to use and understood and trusted by the public as a form of money.
What happens next?
A decision about whether to implement a digital pound will be taken around the middle of the decade and will largely be based on future developments in money and payments. The earliest stage at which the digital pound could be launched would be the second half of the decade.
Governor of the Bank of England, Andrew Bailey, said: “As the world around us and the way we pay for things becomes more digitalised, the case for a digital pound in the future continues to grow. A digital pound would provide a new way to pay, help businesses, maintain trust in money and better protect financial stability.
“However, there are a number of implications which our technical work will need to carefully consider. This consultation and the further work the Bank will now do will be the foundation for what would be a profound decision for the country on the way we use money.”
What do you think about a digital pound?