Taxes are one of the certainties of life, according to Benjamin Franklin, and if you are in business it pays to know for which taxes you are liable.
Understanding the taxes that your business is required to pay can help you plan and budget accordingly.
There are several types of taxes that businesses may be required to pay, depending on their structure and other factors. These include:
Corporation Tax: Limited companies must pay corporation tax on their profits. For companies making more than £250,000 profit, you’ll pay the main rate of Corporation Tax that is currently 25 per cent. But, for smaller companies, if your profit is £50,000 or less, you’ll pay the ‘small profits rate’, which is 19 per cent.
Income Tax: Sole traders and partners pay income tax on their business profits, and the amount they pay depends on their taxable income.
VAT: VAT is added to most goods and services with the rate of 20 per cent. You can take a look on gov.uk for guidance on what items are zero-rated, like books, children’s clothing and, oddly, motorcycle helmets. If your business has a turnover of more than £85,000, you must be VAT-registered. If your turnover fall beneath the threshold, you can still register for VAT.
Business Rates: Business rates are charged on most business premises, based on the value of the property.
Employers' National Insurance contributions: If your business has employees, you must pay employers’ National Insurance contributions (NICs) on their wages and any benefits you provide. Smaller firms may be eligible to claim the Employment Allowance and reduce the impact of employer’s contributions in certain circumstances.
Capital Gains Tax: Sole traders, partners and companies may have to pay capital gains tax when selling assets that have increased in value. For sole traders and partners this tax is collected as part of self-assessment, company capital gains are added to trading profits and subject to corporation tax.
Business assets you may need to pay tax on include disposals of:
- land and buildings
- fixtures and fittings
- registered trademarks
- your business’s reputation
Tips for business owners
Keep accurate records: Keeping accurate records is crucial to ensure that you pay the right amount of tax. You must keep track of all your business transactions, expenses and income, and make sure to file your tax returns on time.
Plan ahead: Planning ahead can help you budget for your tax payments and avoid any surprises. Make sure to know when your tax payments are due and set aside money to cover them.
Seek professional advice: Tax laws can be complicated, and seeking professional advice can help you navigate them. We can help you understand your tax obligations and identify any tax reliefs that you may be eligible for.
Take advantage of tax reliefs: There are several tax reliefs available for businesses, such as small business rates relief and capital allowances. Make sure to check if your business qualifies for any of these reliefs.
Consider your business structure: Your business structure can have a significant impact on your tax liabilities. See if a limited company or a sole trader/partnership structure is more suitable for your business.
Taxes are an essential part of any business operation. Being aware and planning accordingly are key to meeting your tax obligations.
We are here to help. Get in touch if there is anything you would like to discuss.